Joint Replacement

Joint Replacement

Joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or diseased joint is replaced with an artificial joint, also known as a prosthesis. The most commonly replaced joints are the hip and knee, but other joints such as the shoulder, elbow, ankle, and wrist can also be replaced.

Joint replacement surgery is typically recommended for patients who have severe joint pain or mobility problems that are not improving with non-surgical treatments such as physical therapy, medications, or joint injections. The goal of joint replacement surgery is to relieve pain, restore function, and improve quality of life for patients.

During joint replacement surgery, Dr. Munde makes an incision and removes the damaged joint components, such as the cartilage and bone. The artificial joint is then implanted into the joint space using cement or other fixation methods. The surgeon may also use specialized instruments to ensure proper alignment and stability of the artificial joint.

The artificial joint components are made of durable materials such as metal, plastic, or ceramic. The choice of materials depends on the patient’s age, weight, activity level, and other factors. For example, younger patients may require a more durable prosthesis that can withstand higher levels of physical activity, while older patients may benefit from a less invasive surgery that preserves more of their natural bone.

After joint replacement surgery, patients typically stay in the hospital for a few days and then continue their recovery at home. Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery process and helps patients regain strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the affected joint. Patients may also need to use assistive devices such as crutches or walkers for a period of time to help them move around safely.

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